4Kids.org
Week of November 5, 2017
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What causes steam to come out of manhole covers in the streets of New York?
Venting for the sewers
Steam from subterranean pipes
Steam from hot springs
What is the smallest species of penguin in the world?
Little Blue Penguin
Southern Rockhopper Penguin
African Penguin

Who sculpted the statue at the Lincoln Memorial?
Jules Guerin
Daniel French
Henry Bacon

Under the City

Bill of RightsDid you know there is a different world 800 feet below the city of New York? National Geographic takes you on a virtual tour of New York Underground, national
geographic.com/nyunder ground
. The first 30 feet below the city are dedicated to utilities. More than 80,000 miles of cable bring electricity to New York. For more than 100 years, men called “sandhogs” have dug tunnels under the city to deliver water, create subway tunnels and build sewers. The best-known aspect of NY Underground is the transportation system. Read about what powered the first subway and how it has changed over the years.

Play Minus Mission
Minus Mission

Sea Life

First CoinsThe New England Aquarium, neaq.org/exhibits/animals, is home to a wide variety of sea creatures. From the colorful giant Pacific octopus to the terrifying anaconda, you’ll have the chance to view beautiful images and learn about the animals that live at the aquarium. Lionfish are typically found in the Pacific and Indian oceans, but recently they have been spotted in the Atlantic. Find out why this is concerning to scientists. Did you know that California sea lions can swim up to 25 mph? This makes them the fastest sea lions in the world. You’ll want to bookmark this site for online research!


Lincoln Memorial

LincolnThe Lincoln Memorial, tinyurl.com/yd6vqo65, is a tribute to Abraham Lincoln, one of our most beloved and respected presidents. In Reflections, ranger Robert Healy shares his knowledge about the memorial and the meanings of its intricate details. For instance, have you ever wondered why Lincoln is seated and wearing common clothing? He dedicated his life to liberty, equality and justice. Former soldier Gilbert Lyons describes fighting for America at a time when it was still segregated, and listening to Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” speech on the steps of the memorial. Learn why Lincoln’s life’s work is still so important today.

Speak Out

Are you in favor of Daylight Saving Time? Why or why not?

Speak Out Here!

Daylight Saving Time

Are you noticing that the days are getting shorter? The first Sunday in November marks the end of Daylight Saving Time (DST) and a return to standard time. Clocks are set ahead (“Spring Forward”) in March to shift an hour of daylight to evening for the spring and summer months, then turned back in the fall.

The theory behind DST is that if daylight is extended by an hour, energy will be conserved, since people use more electricity when it’s dark because they turn on the lights and spend more time indoors. While not all states and territories in America observe DST, it dates back to 1918.

You may not know that in 1784, Benjamin Franklin wrote a letter suggesting the concept of DST to a Paris journal. You can read “An Economical Project,” at Daylight Saving Time, webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/franklin3.html.

You might also want to research others who proposed early ideas for Daylight Saving Time, including a New Zealand entomologist named George Vernon Hudson in 1895 and a London builder, William Willett, in 1907.

—Amy

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