4Kids.org
Week of July 1, 2012

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Visit the featured websites to find the answers.

In what year was the Reliable Toy Company founded?
1900
1910
1920

What is the Zero Waste Challenge?
Create something unique using recycled materials
Invent a package that doesn’t end up in a landfill
Start a recycling program at your school

Which is the largest of August Crabtree’s models?
French Galley
RMS Britannia
Dutch Royal Yacht

Toy Time

dog pull toyCanada at Play, civilization.
ca/canadaplay
, is an inside look at a fairly recent invention: toys. Do children in Canada play with the same types of toys we do? Visit the Playhouse to see a fascinating collection of toys. Did you know that early doctor kits for boys and nurse kits for girls contained the exact same toys? Guess which toys belong to you, your parents or grandparents as you play Toybox Timeline. Can you imagine how heavy a cast iron toy would be? Visit Manufacturers to see cast iron, rubber and wooden toys.

 
Nominate a cool website at:
www.4Kids.org/nominations

Awesome Science

chameleonTap into your creative side, where a great idea can become a winning entry in the Kids’ Science Challenge, kidsciencechallenge.com. The Brainstorming Tool is the place to find inspiration for your experiment. Click on phrases to kick your imagination into high gear with games, videos and winning project ideas. Clean up the town in the Zero Waste Game where recycling creates a nicer place. Have you ever wondered what astronauts eat? Meals on Mars reveals how NASA scientists create nutritious food for space and shares their Science Secrets.


Tiny Ships

August F. Crabtree examining a model shipThe Mariners’ Museum, marinersmuseum.org/crabtree, presents the fascinating carved miniature ships created by artist August F. Crabtree and his wife, Winnifred. Water transport history comes to life as you explore its primitive beginnings, when man traveled by rafts built with tree trunks lashed together with vines. Move on to the exquisite craftsmanship of the RMS Britannia, which took more than two years to complete. Learn the history of the real ships the miniatures are modeled on. Interactive Games will challenge your puzzle-solving skills as you try to recreate four ships.

Speak Out

Have you ever built a miniature model?
If so, what did you build?

Speak Out Here!

Chemistry on Display

One of the things I most look forward to on Independence Day is watching the city fireworks display. Everyone in the crowd is enchanted by the bright colors and booming explosions. Did you know that the different varieties of firework shells have names? Some of my favorites are the glitter palm, the dahlia and the peony. The different shapes and hues are designed by pyrotechnicians, who apply their knowledge of physics and chemistry to bring the night sky to life. See if you can identify the different shell shapes at pbs.org/wgbh/nova/fireworks/gallery.html.

Metal salts create the different colored explosions. For example, calcium salts emit orange, and copper compounds burn blue. These salts are mixed with other chemicals and formed into small balls called stars. The stars are arranged inside the shell to produce the different designs. For more information on the chemistry of fireworks, visit scifun.chem.wisc.edu/
chemweek/fireworks/fireworks.htm
. Celebrate safely!

—Amy

Ask Amy a Question

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